Archive for ‘Master Planning | Urban Design’

January 22, 2012

Transit Oriented City – Dongtan Central Business Master Plan | Ojanen Chiou Architects + SWA Group

Designed by SWA Group with Ojanen Chiou Architects LLP, the 157 hectare Central Business Master Plan is at the heart of  City: a new urban center located just 30 km south of Seoul in . The development zone is situated on a former agricultural plain that had been taken over by various industrial uses. Bounded by a river to the west and mountainous terrain to the east, this zone is bisected by a major transportation corridor connecting Seoul with the southern reaches of the country. At the core of the development is a transit center that will accommodate high-speed and metropolitan rail stations connecting with a bi-modal (bus + tram) transit system, and long-distance and city buses, establishing City as a major regional transit hub.

The remainder of the program includes public plazas, office buildings, a corporate campus, retail functions, hotels, schools, and various cultural facilities. Inspired by the local native ecology, the layout is a constructed response to the natural course of water as it moves from higher to lower elevations. The urban fabric is organized by a series of green zones established around a system of watercourses traversing the site, infusing the overall urban experience with a strong sense of nature by creating natural corridors of light, air, flora, and fauna, and providing numerous open spaces for leisure and recreation.

Their design defines open spaces that utilize natural resources prior to establishing street grids creating fingers of green belts that connect hills on the east side and the riverfront on the west. The landscape infrastructure follows the unique site topography and hydrology and becomes part of an integral water management system.

In order to establish a public transportation node, they provide a well-integrated system of trains, metro, trams and buses to attract corporations, residents, commuters, and tourists. The design also promotes a pedestrian and bicycle network with pedestrian-scaled blocks, comfortable sidewalks, continuous street facades with arcades and three-dimensional connections at busy intersections. They also proposed compact and mixed-use developments with a balance of a high density development (FAR 5-8) with 36.5% open spaces that are dispersed through out the site and easily accessible.

Ojanen_Chiou architects LLP assisted SWA in overall planning concepts and strategy, provided building massing studies, architectural guidelines and conceptual architectural design for the transit center and the various facilities.

Architects: Ojanen Chiou Architects + SWA Group
Location: Dongtan, South Korea
Client: Heerim Group
Project Area: 157 Hectares
Year: 2012


November 28, 2011

China-Taiwan Master Plan for CBD | 10 Design

10 Design architects has recently been awarded a 93 ha Masterplan for a CBD in Pingtan, a New Cross-Strait District for  and It’s Trading Partner, . Pingtan is planned as a new commercial hub to drive communication and commercial trade between China and . Part of the competition included the design of a new Cross Straits Forum including theatre, convention, exhibition and auxiliary commercial and cultural facilities.

At the center of the CBD and Forum district is a newly created fresh water lake that conserves fresh water from run off through the urban grain. The masterplan caters for some 3.3 million sqm of urban development, while the Cross Straits Forum would be in the first phase of development.

To reflect the aspiration of transparency and dialogue the buildings are formed by converging elements that combine with the landscape and waterfront to create a fluid and open series of public spaces that meld into the buildings themselves.

Service traffic, roads and trams are integrated into a series of terraced landscape levels to minimize impact of car traffic on pedestrian circulation routes and to create free access from the central axial park canal through the lake towards the waterfront through a series of leisure and retail lined canals.

Architects: 10 Design
Location: Pingtan, China-Taiwan
Design Partner: Gordon Affleck
Architecture Team: Brian Fok, Francisco Fajardo, Frisly Colop Morales, Laura Rusconi Clerici, Lukasz Wawrzenczyk, Maciej Setniewski, Mike Kwok, Ryan Leong, Shane Dale
Landscape Team: Ewa Koter, Fabio Pang
Site Area: 93 hectare
GFA: 2,315,000 sqm
Function: China-Taiwan Cross Strait Forum Venue, Theatre, Convention Centre, Exhibition Centre, Auxiliary Commercial & Cultural Facilities, and 5-star Hotel

October 10, 2011

Nanjing Tower Block | gmp von Gerkan, Marg und Partner

Masterplan for ten new towers planned for Nanjing inspired by windmill sails

Following their success in winning first prize in an international competition, the architects von Gerkan, Marg and Partners (gmp) have been commissioned to realize a tower block complex of ten buildings in Nanjing. The design by gmp is for a financial enterprise centre on a site of about 80,000 sq m in this large eastern Chinese metropolis. The above ground gross floor space of the 120m to 200m high tower blocks will be about 500,000 sq m.

A 14m wide river crosses the site to the north of the future financial centre; a 28m wide green belt runs through the development, which is served by an underground railway line. The design idea is based on the following features: the outer edges of the site are bounded by the buildings, providing generous space for green areas and footpaths in the clearly defined central area. The architects have arranged the tower blocks on the site in a windmill sail pattern arranged in a clockwise direction, creating an outer ring of seven 120m to 200m high, and an inner ring of three 130m to 150m high buildings.

The facade concept plays an important role in terms of the sustainability of the design, as it helps to conserve energy and to ensure the well-being of users: the facades of the outer buildings rely on the natural shading from vertical shading fins which are arranged in such a way that they prevent solar heat gain from the low sun positions in the east and west. Large window elements between the shading fins let in daylight from the north and south.

The three inner tower blocks use the principle of double-skin facades with counter sash windows featuring individually controllable solar screening which is protected from the weather and avoids the need of darkened solar protection glazing. This means that the offices do not require artificial lighting during the day, which conserves energy and protects the environment. The colour scheme of the facades is reminiscent of the Nanjing city wall. The dominant scheme is based on the different colour shades of burnt brick, and so each block is given its own identity with a different colouring.

September 25, 2011

London River Park | Gensler

Gensler releases renewed renderings of floating civic platform on The Thames

Global design studio Gensler has just released these illustrative images of its concept for the kilometre-long floating River Walk on the north bank of the River Thames in England’s capital. Working with financiers Venus Group of Singapore and construction/consultancy firm Mace, Gensler has been finalising its design over the past six months and submitted a planning application in August 2011.

In May Boris Johnson, the Mayor of London stated that: “The sheer beauty and design brilliance of this structure will provide yet another amazing and unique attraction for the capital.” If planning is approved the 12m wide platform will be completed in time for next summer’s London 2012 Olympic Games and will remain post-event as a lasting legacy for the city.

Loosely comparable to the highly successful Highline in New York, Gensler’s London River Walk will form a continuous walkway running parallel to the existing mismatched streets along the river frontage and include a number of event spaces and a swimming pool.

September 25, 2011

LA Sports and Entertainment District Master Plan | RTKL

L.A. rejuvenated by RTKL district masterplan

In the 1990s, downtown Los Angeles suffered from a declining urban population, disinvestment in the urban core, and rising social inequity. Consequently, a progressive group of leaders came together to effect positive change.

The RTKL-master planned, 33-acre area now known as the L.A. Sports and Entertainment District (LASED) is a result of that effort; sited on a former blighted industrial area adjacent to the convention center and downtown’s South Park district, a public/private partnership was formed in 1997 between a master developer (AEG), the City of Los Angeles, and the Community Redevelopment Agency of Los Angeles (CRA/LA) with the shared goals of creating a new sports and entertainment district with an arena for L.A.’s five major sports teams; extensive improvements to district infrastructure and community services programmes; a master plan for a mixed-use district encompassing an expanded convention centre, convention hotel, residential, offices, entertainment, and restaurants in a pedestrian-orientated urban format; and a one-acre plaza for year-round events.

Significant public outreach determined that in addition to the goals stated, RTKL’s master plan would include a community benefits programme offering jobs outreach, wage requirements, small business assistance, and childcare services. Phase one of the project was the design and construction of the Staples Center, a 20,000-seat arena completed in 1999. Phase 2 is L.A. Live, master planned by RTKL and completed in 2010. With the popular NOKIA Plaza at the heart of the project, L.A. Live is a vibrant retail and entertainment district.

The impact of the LASED has been significant and measurable. The adjoining South Park district, once a high-crime area, is now a viable neighbourhood with over 3000 new housing units and numerous retail, office, and hotel developments. Staples Center is a premier venue and LA Live has won critical acclaim and community acceptance, hosting major events like the X Games and the Grammys. To date, over $2.5bn has been invested in the area, but the most significant impact has been in the development of a sustainable, mixed-use community in downtown LA.

September 11, 2011

Wenzhou Central Business District | Henn Gmbh

Henn Gmbh create an urban identity that unites local traditions with viable concepts for the future

Wenzhou lies within a mountainous region of Zhejiang Province where the Ou Jiang River meets the East China Sea. The traditional trading town opened to foreign trade in 1876 and as an international port is one of today’s key production locations for the consumer goods industry in China.

The centrepiece of the city’s future Central Business District comprises offices, a five-star hotel, commercial space and a public park. The Wenzhou coastal region is interspersed with an intricate network of small and large rivers. The proposed design picks up on the river delta image and transposes it onto a park landscape which opens towards the sea. The green corridor leading out of the city continues across the site, where it branches out and forms an undulating connection between the city and the riverfront.

On ground level, this architectural landscape merges with the flowing form of the buildings and simultaneously traces the movement of their users. The five towers stand in a staggered row to ensure a largely unrestricted view of the river. Their heights reflect that of the surrounding buildings in the south west and rises in a wave towards the river, where it defines the edge of the city on the bank of the Ou Jiang.

The rolling landscape provides open spaces in various forms – from private inner courtyards and broad pedestrian walkways to urban parks. These layers of space offer access from all sides and encourage interaction between people and places.

The competition marks a beginning for the future development of Wenzhou. In this way, the Central Business District is a model for the process of transformation taking place in Chinese cities and their struggle for a distinct identity in the changing economic climate. Like many other economically aspiring cities in China, Wenzhou faces the challenge of establishing an urban identity that unites local traditions with viable concepts for the future.

June 29, 2011

Pazhou Masterplan | Goettsch Partners

Pazhou Masterplan / Goettsch Partners Courtesy of Goettsch Partners

Pazhou Masterplan / Goettsch Partners Courtesy of Goettsch Partners

Pazhou Masterplan / Goettsch Partners Courtesy of Goettsch Partners

Pazhou Masterplan / Goettsch Partners Courtesy of Goettsch Partners

Pazhou Masterplan / Goettsch Partners Courtesy of Goettsch Partners

Pazhou Masterplan / Goettsch Partners Courtesy of Goettsch Partners

A master plan by Goettsch Partners (GP) has been selected as the winning scheme in the design competition for a prominent site in the new Pazhou district in . The Pazhou Masterplan will consist of three urban parcels that form a triangular site, which is planned for seven buildings totaling 428,000 square meters. The client and developer is Poly Real Estate (Group) Co., Ltd., ’s leading state-owned real estate company.

The winning master plan establishes a framework for the three-parcel site as a vibrant and iconic commercial destination that merges the new riverfront with the larger urban fabric.  A nautilus-like spiral defines the organizing concept for the complex, with its physical center providing a direct visual link to the city’s historic pagoda. The centerpiece of the development is a large public piazza, which helps unify the three urban parcels while clearly segregating pedestrian and vehicular activity. Sustainable design initiatives start with a series of elevated bridges that provide unobstructed breezeways and shade for the ground level. These bridges also house indoor social spaces linking the towers and are topped with habitable garden spaces that minimize the urban heat-island effect.

A landmark tower at the northeast corner of the site is positioned for maximum visibility and presence, creating a presence in the skyline. The six other buildings encircle the piazza and are designed with podium-level retail and dining venues that activate the public spaces. Sky bridges between buildings define the perimeter of the piazza and link the complex, while maximizing views to the riverfront and adjacent canal. These elevated structures also form gateways that lend an overall permeability to the complex.

In the piazza, a terraced court rises from the site’s lower-level pedestrian access, passing beneath the development’s main connecting roadway. Lined with retail and restaurants, this court features a series of distinct landscaped amenities and terminates at a jewel-like exhibition facility, intended to be an educational and cultural venue. This entire network of pedestrian pathways also has a direct link to the area’s subway lines, providing convenient and intuitive access to the development.

The three urban plots each includes a mix of commercial functions. Parcel 4 features the landmark office and hotel tower, as well as a separate serviced apartment tower; the two are organized in a semicircular arrangement fronting the main piazza. Parcel 5 comprises of three office towers triangulated on the development’s southernmost portion and configured around a secondary public plaza. Parcel 10 includes an office tower and a hotel, aligned along the adjacent canal. While each building will have its own unique identity, collectively, the buildings will form an ascending spiral, defining a singular urban gesture for the complex.

March 14, 2011

Songdo International Business District | KPF

Songdo International Business District / KPF Courtesy of KPF

Songdo International Business District (IBD) occupies over 1,500 acres of reclaimed land on the West Coast of . This waterfront master plan includes a diverse array of programmatic elements and is designed to be a pedestrian friendly city with walkable streets and an urban density that allows for an active street life. Signature features include, the New Songdo City First World Towers, Northeast Asia Trade Tower, the 100-arce Songdo Central Park, and the Songdo City International School.

Architect: Kohn Pedersen Fox
Photographs: H.G. Esch, Jaesung

Songdo International Business District / KPF © Jaesung

New Songdo City First World Towers

First World Towers is the first residential development to be realized in Songdo IBD. Housing 7,000 of the city’s 65,000 residents, FWT contains 2,545 apartments and live/work spaces, as well as a health club, a daycare center, and a seniors’ center.

Songdo International Business District / KPF © KPF

Consistent with the design guidelines established by the master plan, inspired by pedestrian cities of Europe and North America, the design for FWT employs a number of unprecedented concepts such as a pedestrian-scaled street grid, continuous street walls, and figural open spaces.

Associate Architect: Kunwon Architects
Project Area: 3,700,000 sqf

Songdo International Business District / KPF © H.G. Esch

Northeast Asia Trade Tower

Designed to be a landmark on the skyline of Songdo IBD, the Northeast Asia Trade Tower aims to both symbolize and embody the tenants of an international business hub in a free-trade zone. Occupying a site at the southern edge of Central Park, the tapering volume is a mixed-use development that combines office, hotel, and service apartment components, each with its own entrance lobby. The 1,010-foot-tall (308-meter-tall) tower offers views of the Yellow Sea, the city of , and the surrounding mountains.

Architect-of-Record: Heerim
Project Area: 1,500,000 sqf

Songdo International Business District / KPF © KPF

Songdo Central Park

KPF created mounds and canals in this 100-acre Central Park to reflect the surrounding natural context. Adjacent to the West Sea on the coast of 

near Seoul, Songdo Central Park serves to connect to various civic and cultural destinations and the waterfront via a series of man-made seawater canals accessed by water taxi.

Songdo International Business District / KPF © Jaesung
section section
Songdo International Business District / KPF © Jaesung

The combination of these natural and manmade elements makes this park the cultural and recreational heart of Songdo IBD. Within the park, a series of pedestrian bridges have been designed over the canal system, serving as focal points within the landscape and making for unique destination points.Throughout history, the bow bridge has been a popular structural form employed in Asian gardens, and footbridges are a common site in most Korean parks and gardens.

Deriving their form from the Songdo ConvensiA Convention Center (also designed by

KPF), the pedestrian bridges in Central Park reflect an undulating, sweeping arc shape and exist as a family of structures with readily identifiable pieces arranged in different combinations when taken all together.

Architect-of-Record: Yooshin
Canal Engineering: Arup & Partners
Park Engineering: Dae-Il and Ung-Do
Horticultural Consultant: U.P. Hedrick
Project Area: 4,400,000 sqf

Songdo International Business District / KPF © H.G. Esch

Songdo International School

KPF developed a state-of-the-art learning complex for over 2,000 students (K through 12) that facilitates diverse learning and teaching styles. KPF aimed to create distinct, yet related student communities through advanced planning and design strategies.

Songdo International Business District / KPF © H.G. Esch

The design gives a unique material to each school community identity. Layers of stepped sections and sunken gardens separate these areas without creating barriers, invoking the interplay of solid and void that underlies traditional Korean design.

Project Team: James von Klemperer (Design Principal), Gregory Clement (Managing Principal), Gregory Weithman (Project Manager), Methanee Massirarat (Senior Designer), Ming Leung (Job Captain), Chihiro Aoyama, Allison Austin, Jason Carney, David Goldschmidt, Aaron Kominos-Smith, Jinseuk Lee, Kangsoo Lee, Irene Molina, Marc Remshardt, Eric Smith, Xiaolu Zhou
Contractor: POSCO E&C
Associate Architect: Gansam Partners
Consulting Engineers: Arup & Partners
Mechanical/Electrical/Plumbing & Lighting: Cosentini
Curtain wall: CDC
Facade Maintenance: Entek
Acoustical: Cerami
Project Area: 506,000 sqf





January 31, 2011

Langfang Eco-Smart City / Woods Bagot + HOK

Langfang Eco-Smart City / Woods Bagot + HOK Courtesy Jet Chai HOK

Langfang Eco-Smart City / Woods Bagot + HOK Courtesy Woods Bagot + HOK

Langfang Eco-Smart City / Woods Bagot + HOK Courtesy Jet Chai HOKLangfang Eco-Smart City / Woods Bagot + HOK Courtesy Jet Chai HOKLangfang Eco-Smart City / Woods Bagot + HOK Courtesy Woods Bagot + HOK

Langfang Eco-Smart City / Woods Bagot + HOK Walking Radius Diagram

Langfang Eco-Smart City / Woods Bagot + HOK Green Space Diagram

Langfang Eco-Smart City / Woods Bagot + HOK Water Space Diagram

Langfang Eco-Smart City / Woods Bagot + HOK Cultural Corridor Pedestrian Diagram

Langfang Eco-Smart City / Woods Bagot + HOK Cultural Corridor Vehicle Diagram

Langfang Eco-Smart City / Woods Bagot + HOK Cultural Corridor LRT Diagram

Woods Bagot Architecture and HOK Planning have worked together to generate the master plan for  Eco-Smart City and shared its announcement with us here at ArchDaily. Additional renderings, watercolors and the official press release after the break.

HONG KONG – AIA Hong Kong, a chapter of the American Institute of Architects, has recognized the  Eco-Smart City Master Plan with its 2010 Merit Award for Urban Design. Noted for its long-range vision, the master plan sets forth a strategy for transforming  into a model of ecological urban redevelopment, calling attention to the role of existing cities in forging a more sustainable global future. Woods Bagot’s San Francisco studio served as the architect for the planning team led by HOK and CW Group. The award was the only honor given for urban design by the chapter this year.Located between Beijing and the Tianjin mega-region,  has grown from an agricultural hub of 50,000 in the mid-20th century to a city of 800,000. With the pending completion of the Beijing- Shanghai high-speed rail line, which will stop in , additional growth opportunities for the city are anticipated. In contrast to the pattern of new city development common in , the Eco-Smart City Master Plan proposes to intensify existing development patterns within, preserve the surrounding agricultural land, and integrate ecological systems that restore and enrich the natural habitat—all with an overarching goal of creating an economically, culturally and environmentally vital metropolitan center for future generations.

Three key elements comprise the plan: a City Center Transportation Hub, a Northern Gateway Cultural Corridor, and an extensive wetland and aquifer system. Located in the heart of the city and bridging the high speed rail-line, the transportation hub weaves together transit systems, living infrastructure, and compact development to create a pedestrian-scaled, multi-tiered canopy for working and living. Marking the city’s northern gateway, the Cultural Corridor provides a respite from the density of the city center, offering low-rise, residential blocks, world-class cultural institutions, and a vast, 376-hectare park devoted to ecological restoration.

Distributed throughout the city and feeding into the wetland and aquifer system, a network of green corridors and ‘blueways’—integrated landscape and water features—form a connective, multifunctional infrastructure for harvesting water, restoring biodiversity, and enhancing the city’s sense of place and identity. Supported by an economic strategy that encourages ecologically restorative industries in alternative energy, public transit, and organic agriculture, as well as in health and education, ’s Eco-Smart City master plan establishes a comprehensive, future-oriented vision.

The Eco-Smart City master plan was approved by the city of  earlier this year. Implementation of the City Center Transportation Hub is currently underway.