Archive for ‘High-Rise’

May 7, 2012

Post Tower | Murphy/Jahn

Architects: Murphy/Jahn
Location: Bonn, 
Height: 162.40
Area: 73,501 sqm
Photographs: Courtesy of Murphy/Jahn

The split, shifted oval is oriented to the Rhine, Siebengebierge and the city, facilitates views from the city, and minimizes negative wind effects through its aerodynamic shape. The building rethinks the type of high-rise office tower in relation to function, technology and user comfort.

In plan the split oval halves are separated by a 7,20 m wide space. The connecting glass floors at 9-story intervals form skygardens, which serve as communication floors and elevator crossovers. The glass elevators of the low and high zones run in the center of the skygarden, providing views and orientation.The building has a twin-shell façade. The outer shell is completely out of glass, enabling natural ventilation, especially in the spring and fall. The outer shell protects from rain, wind and noise and allows for placement of the sunshades. Glass from floor to ceiling optimizes daylight. Cost comparisons show that the total cost of climate concept and twin-shell façade is equal to a conventional system. Operating costs are reduced by 60%.Daylight, natural ventilation, solar energy and the idea that the skin of a building modulates its own climate have not yet been integrated as essential components in commercial design. The inclusion of these methodologies is the goal here. Through this, we can rediscover and fulfill our natural instincts and intuitive actions. The result: A building with high technology and low energy.

http://www.archdaily.com/231521/flashback-post-tower-murphyjahn/

February 6, 2012

Office building ZAC Seguin – Boulogne Billancourt | ECDM Architects

program: development of the BIA building in Seguin oriented tertiary
client: Nexity
location: Keystone Area, ZAC Seguin – Boulogne Billancourt (92)
area: 60,000 sq.m.
Cost: M €
Contest: 2011

The Grand Landscape

The emerging realization of a point, a building that extends above the canopy Boulonnais is an opportunity to rethink the relationship of the new neighborhood of Keystone with the Grand Landscape. This punctuation highlights the metropolitan character of the site by generating a tracking device distance. Its status, its dimension and the values ​​it carries, the Trapezium is a singular territory constituting the Greater Paris. The site is emblematic of the changes that have transformed our industrial cities, these paradigm shifts that have enabled the implementation of a highly complex environment taking into account the needs of a postmodern society now. Therefore, the vertical to be introduced should allow to give clear expression of a territory where the organization defines a living thought of as a delicate balance between mineral and plant, between full and empty nesting complexity of a dense area and attractive. Our proposals were designed as single elements of an urban mixed, composite, where the residential, commercial and green spaces are one unit. The wide open spaces of the Seine Valley as detailed outlook released on the Keystone-through an extensive park, paths, a rack fragmented islands organized around delivering open a horizontal reading of the register and tense urban . There is in our projects a horizontal component which is fit assertive, delineate the boundaries of the park and accompany the banks of the Seine and emergences, punctuation considered in resonance with other highlights of the loop of the river such as the tower horizons or verticals coming of Seguin Island.

Valley of the Seine is in crossing the Grand Paris, punctuated by towers. One thinks of Defense, the Front de Seine, the Eiffel Tower, the neighborhood of the Gare de Lyon, and many other architectural interventions scattered on the linear river, river geography and landscape favoring emergences. In the landscape of Boulogne near the river, it seemed essential that the collusion between the settling elements beyond the general template of the neighborhood. Both projects are designed in conjunction with a skyline own site. The context here is both the district and the Grand Landscape. We thought our projects as entities in resonance with existing emergences: Horizons Tower, head of the Pont de Sevres, emergences coming as those provided on the Ile Seguin. These three entities form a triangle, the project has taken an angle, one end.Therefore, it is proposing a center of gravity and a volumetric principle of gradation that establish a link with the template of buildings erected along the quay and a complicity with the prow of the Ile Seguin.

Based on this fact, we moved the center of gravity of our projects to the northwest of the plot to establish a link with the buildings along the quay, but especially not to generate an effective leader that falls directly competes with that of Seguin Island. Indeed, the prow of the Ile Seguin legitimacy geographical leaving no room for what would be a de facto substitute. The shape of the plot, this triangle does not constitute a rounded bow itself, any analogy to skippers would be fortuitous. Besides a trapezoid does not bow. Therefore our projects have been designed to allow the framing of views and perspectives, implementing, at the junction of the park and pier, a watershed landscape. Program requirements have led us to design two projects of different nature, structured by two distinct approaches to ensure the safety of persons and property. Refuting any formal a priori, we chose to develop two projects, two concepts structured by two regulatory options to organize the height.

Origami

The specific demand for building height as an accumulation of reference planes under the accessibility of ways to fight against the fire has led us to ask ourselves how the various project components can be superimposed to generate a deployment planning. Rejecting any idea of ​​making some infra-structural elements, any road or rail, any exogenous element in the very nature of a commercial building, we offer a project conceived as the deployment of a territory in a logical landscape. Like a modern-day Babylon, it is built on the building, living roofs, give them a use value. This is a project tectonics, origami where the territory is pleated in successive plans. The base is considered as a topographic event, an inclined stratum, a garden made in successive plans. Extrusion perfect plot, perfectly defines the base in the island keeps strictly within the alignments and templates islands that line the shore. At the end of the tip, the volume rises to pinch a privileged view of the park. On this base is placed a cube levitating at the base truncated by the topography of the base. The volumes are articulated by hyphens, landscaped by strata – the interfaces between plant and mineral. This cube is perforated in the center by a large patio across the entire project of 89 m high.This device provides a reading against the light volume and highlights the lightness of the volume. The whole is surmounted by a greenhouse, large vertical garden that comes complete in a phasing, the verticality. The slenderness ratio that characterizes the towers is not appropriate here, the height limited to 89 m leads us to emphasize other qualities of the height.

Turn induces an authoritarian values ​​and guns: density, compactness, rationality. Without denying these obvious qualities and capabilities to meet specific expectations of the program, our project and reinterprets them in complex architectural oxymorons. It’s about being compact and light, dense, slender, streamlined and composite. Our project is built with the desire to escape the formal fatalities related to verticality to develop this expanded notion of landscape, when we can see and be seen far away. Therefore the facade had to be both limits, alignment, constitutive of urbanity, and also landscaped element, vertical landscape made of solids and voids, foregrounds and depth of field similar to a filter, a sheer, architecture and move towards a more tenuous the possible when it comes to staging a lifestyle rather than a building. The specificity of the request allows us to offer you a highly specific project, atypical, to rethink the height as a formal point of view that in the uses and values ​​that this proposal allows.

A vertical open

It is therefore a vertical open for an accessible building designed on the principle of an organization that induces a connection with the innovative environment. The building pops out of the soil gradually, mindful of its roots, what is the basis of its innervation. It rises gently as an invitation to travel by a circuitous route. The terraces spin, the full and empty intermingle. As it rises, the construction becomes lighter, more transparent, wide terraces generate porosities between inside and outside. At the top of the last 20 meters, the mineral disappears almost completely in favor of a large garden suspended vertically extended. Without imitation it offers strong connivance with the tower Horizons, a marker of the other end of the Trapezium. We propose a building consisting of three parts: a base, and one was a hanging garden, a three-step gradation of the mineral to the lightness and abstraction.

http://ecdm.eu/?p=3993

February 6, 2012

IGH office building lot D5 ZAC Seguin – Boulogne Billancourt | ECDM

program: development of the BIA building in Seguin oriented tertiary
client: Nexity
location: Keystone Area, ZAC Seguin – Boulogne Billancourt (92)
area: 60,000 sq.m.
Cost: M €
Contest: 2011

The Grand Landscape

The emerging realization of a point, a building that extends above the canopy Boulonnais is an opportunity to rethink the relationship of the new neighborhood of Keystone with the Grand Landscape. This punctuation highlights the metropolitan character of the site by generating a tracking device distance. Its status, its dimension and the values ​​it carries, the Trapezium is a singular territory constituting the Greater Paris. The site is emblematic of the changes that have transformed our industrial cities, these paradigm shifts that have enabled the implementation of a highly complex environment taking into account the needs of a postmodern society now. Therefore, the vertical to be introduced should allow to give clear expression of a territory where the organization defines a living thought of as a delicate balance between mineral and plant, between full and empty nesting complexity of a dense area and attractive. Our proposals were designed as single elements of an urban mixed, composite, where the residential, commercial and green spaces are one unit. The wide open spaces of the Seine Valley as detailed outlook released on the Keystone-through an extensive park, paths, a rack fragmented islands organized around delivering open a horizontal reading of the register and tense urban . There is in our projects a horizontal component which is fit assertive, delineate the boundaries of the park and accompany the banks of the Seine and emergences, punctuation considered in resonance with other highlights of the loop of the river such as the tower horizons or verticals coming of Seguin Island.

Valley of the Seine is in crossing the Grand Paris, punctuated by towers. One thinks of Defense, the Front de Seine, the Eiffel Tower, the neighborhood of the Gare de Lyon, and many other architectural interventions scattered on the linear river, river geography and landscape favoring emergences. In the landscape of Boulogne near the river, it seemed essential that the collusion between the settling elements beyond the general template of the neighborhood. Both projects are designed in conjunction with a skyline own site. The context here is both the district and the Grand Landscape. We thought our projects as entities in resonance with existing emergences: Horizons Tower, head of the Pont de Sevres, emergences coming as those provided on the Ile Seguin. These three entities form a triangle, the project has taken an angle, one end.Therefore, it is proposing a center of gravity and a volumetric principle of gradation that establish a link with the template of buildings erected along the quay and a complicity with the prow of the Ile Seguin.

Based on this fact, we moved the center of gravity of our projects to the northwest of the plot to establish a link with the buildings along the quay, but especially not to generate an effective leader that falls directly competes with that of Seguin Island. Indeed, the prow of the Ile Seguin legitimacy geographical leaving no room for what would be a de facto substitute. The shape of the plot, this triangle does not constitute a rounded bow itself, any analogy to skippers would be fortuitous. Besides a trapezoid does not bow. Therefore our projects have been designed to allow the framing of views and perspectives, implementing, at the junction of the park and pier, a watershed landscape. Program requirements have led us to design two projects of different nature, structured by two distinct approaches to ensure the safety of persons and property. Refuting any formal a priori, we chose to develop two projects, two concepts structured by two regulatory options to organize the height.

Periscopes

Here more than elsewhere the vertical, the height has to do with the geography of this unique site, wedged in a meander of the Seine River and bordered by a unique topography. The slopes of Meudon dominate in a wide curve a territory plan extending to the capital. As soon as we take a little height, that the eye exceeds the average height of constructions is a wide field of vision that opens 360 degrees, with the hills of Meudon as a backdrop to the west and the Parisian panorama to the east. This perception is reinforced by the autonomy given to the plot. If there is a special relationship to the river, to the matrix, the privileged views are deployed on 360 °. Rise a few tens of meters and a unique relationship is established between the building and the area of ​​Greater Paris. This is not to trivialize this relationship in a formal indifference. The tower and sees the tower is seen. This trade is anything but impersonal, anonymous or neutral. The nature of this gaze must be characterized to exchange further. The eyes meet between symbolic points that we identified and your building.

The building like a periscope will look, will frame exceptional views of the Grand Landscape. This is to give these acute emergencies, not to trivialize a formal neutrality in relation to the landscape. Like a painter or photographer, we have framed vistas. With a simple gesture towers installed reciprocity with the focus point: La Defense, Arc de Triomphe, the Eiffel Tower, the Manufacture de Sèvres, the bed of the Seine. It’s about seeing and being seen in an otherness. We implement a strong sense of belonging to a wider territory, a territory rich in history and this prestigious. The hybrid programming of your program with the singular request for two types of commercial buildings has led us to intimately mix verticality and horizontality. The project brings together a tower and two elongated emergences in a unique writing. The building is unitary. It spreads horizontally and vertically in successive folding, delimiting its folds framing the landscape. This whole system comes to float above a floor at the height generating split wide vistas between the docks and park. So there is a strong horizontal component which holds the island, organizes the boundaries of the parcel, urban organization supports implementation of the Trapezium by extending alignments and templates and deployment height which overlooks the Grand Landscape. The base, what the ground that we propose is to anchor the project in descent from the surrounding urban structure. A tower is above all an above ground for a project connected with an urban reality that participates in the organization of a neighborhood. The compactness of the base allows us to identify large outdoor spaces free. This is to generate surfaces planted host that offers a gradation between the public and the building. A number of programs open on these outdoor areas with the desire to find supplements for the outdoor cafeteria, the lobbies, or home.

The first two levels are included as a single volume, physically and under the fire regulations. So this is a very open volume largely transparent linking the dock and park. In these two levels are focusing all local collective organized around a double height. Commercial spaces are designed to be compact, rational, flexible and scalable. On this level, we offer large trays of approximately 5,000 m², which allows us to have 25 700 m² of meeting the requirements of the Labour Code regarding fire regulations. The upper trays are part of the regulation applicable to tall buildings. The project is designed to streamline the most kernels. Their compact size and central location to distribute surfaces extremely versatile in terms of livability. A large majority of trays has extensions in the form of terraces or balconies. It is proposed hanging gardens, the exterior surfaces protected from the wind as supplements work surfaces. In research on opening a beautiful environment, we felt it important to suggest areas less formal, less “tertiarisées” contributing to the definition of identity to the building through the implementation of a framework lives.

http://ecdm.eu/?p=3952

February 6, 2012

Atlantic Yards: B2 Bklyn | SHoP Architects

SHoP Architects has shared with us the B2 Bklyn building which will be the first of the residential developments for Atlantic Yards in Brooklyn, New York to break ground, scheduled for 2012. Standing at 32 storeys, it will be the world’s tallest pre-fab building, saving both on cost and waste.

The final articulation of the volumes were developed by addressing the requirements of the Design Guidelines established by the Empire State Development Corporation through a series of setbacks. The buildings present a variety of colors, materials and fabrication techniques, creating an assortment of patterns and textures on Brooklyn’s skyline. The residential buildings are integrated with shopping and storefronts at ground level, in hopes of creating an inviting streetscape. (viaSHoP Architects)

The pre-fabricated method of construction will help reduce on-site waste, noise and pollution during the construction phase of the project, which is an environmental benefit to the residents nearby and construction workers that will work in a controlled factory setting. However, NY Curbed weighs the consequences of this chosen method of construction, citing the loss of high-paying construction jobs that were promised by the building plan in 2006, reducing 170,000 jobs to a mere 190. The consequences of pre-fab construction pose a substantial debate: modular options cost 15-20% less than traditional construction, produces 70-90% less waste and consumes 67% less energy.

Atlantic Yards has been in development for a number of years now. The redevelopment includes 22-acres of Downtown Brooklyn between Flatbush Ave, Fourth Ave, Vanderbuilt Ave and Dean St, by Forest City Ratner Companies. It will include 6 million sf of residential space, an entertainment arena, Barclays Center, 247,000 sf of retail use, 336,000 sf of office space and 8 acres of publically accessible open space. The plan, which was designed by Frank Gehry, will also include the expansion of the Atlantic Terminal Transit Hub and a new maintanence and storage facility for the LIRR.

http://www.archdaily.com/187144/atlantic-yards-b2-bklyn-shop-architects/

February 6, 2012

Sustainable LEED Gold Office Tower | Schmidt Hammer Lassen Architects

Schmidt Hammer Lassen architects has recently won the international architectural competition to design a 188 meter office tower in the financial district of central Warsaw, . The 60,000 m2 high-rise building is to replace the existing ‘Ilmet’ building and will stand out as a modern landmark clearly identifiable in the Warsaw skyline by its unique elegant shape and appearance. The Jury was impressed by the high quality and innovation evident in the urban, architectural and technical concepts of the winning design. The future building will offer a number of attractive public areas and serve to complement the project’s prominent setting, as well as the entire neighborhood.

Sustainability was an important issue as the building is designed to reduce energy consumption with the goal of qualifying for the highest levels of sustainability certifications as BREEAM Excellent or LEED Gold status.

The building consists of three individually stepped rectangular volumes with increasing heights towards the east. The façades create a subtle rhythm in the cityscape by slightly shifting inwards and outwards, and the inclined roof lines preserve optimal light conditions for the adjacent buildings.The design of the building offers a spatial coherence between roof and street level. The lobby at street level, with its spectacular shaped ceiling, corresponds with the sloping shapes of the rooftops, making the building perceive as a sculptural object.The open lobby allows the people of Warsaw to pass into and through the building, connecting the plaza and park in front of the building with the courtyards of the historical tenement houses to the south.The building is designed to reduce energy consumption with the goal of qualifying for the highest levels of sustainability certifications as BREEAM Excellent or LEED Gold status. The modular façade system with floor to ceiling glass elements, provide high levels of transparency as well as full integration of sun shading and light reflection shutters. The sloped rooftops are equipped with photovoltaic cells and elements for harvesting rainwater. The total sustainability approach is a combination of intelligent building management and minimizing technical installations by using passive elements.

http://www.archdaily.com/186752/sustainable-leed-gold-office-tower-by-schmidt-hammer-lassen-architects/

January 23, 2012

930 Poydras Residential Tower | Eskew+Dumez+Ripple

Eskew+Dumez+Ripple’s residential tower represents a break from the norm in New Orleans

 

Completed March 2010, this mixed-use residential project is designed to re-imagine the typically horizontal nature of New Orleans’ dense French Quarter blocks as a vertical condition. The program includes 250 residential apartments above a 500 car garage, and is organised to create a communal amenity level at the ninth floor – reinterpreting the courtyard housing typology for urban, high-rise living. At this raised ‘courtyard’ level, shuttle elevators transfer from garage to tower in order to promote opportunities for residents to cross paths with one another in a shared, communal space as opposed to the typically introverted collection of experiences found in most high-rise residential developments.

As a means to recreate the social interaction found in the courtyards of the city’s historic quarter, the design consolidates all tenant amenities at the ninth floor level in order to condense their programmatic force. Anchoring this level is the ‘sky lobby’, a dramatic glass box that cantilevers out from the façade and offers spectacular views of the downtown skyline. This double-height lounge serves as an extension of the tenant’s living spaces, with coffee bar and movie screening lounge set among informal groupings of furniture. The project was described by the jury for the 2011 AIA Housing Awards as: “A new paradigm for urban living.”

Outside the sky lobby is an expansive pool deck, with tiered bleacher seating rising from the pool to a sunning platform. Tucked beneath these bleachers is the facility’s fitness center. A series of townhomes along the south side create an architectural edge and produce the effect of a ground level courtyard on the garage rooftop. Departing from the oppressive monotony of the commercial office towers surrounding it, the design of the exterior envelope incorporates a highly articulated metal panel and glass patterned façade. This approach affords a higher percentage of glazing at upper residential floors with minimal glazing provided at the garage to maintain a seamless – while animated – composition.

http://www.worldarchitecturenews.com/index.php?fuseaction=wanappln.projectview&upload_id=18689

January 23, 2012

Lexington Park Condominiums, Chicago | VOA Associates

VOA Associates completes mixed-use high rise condominium development in Chicago’s South Loop

 

Lexington Park is a mixed-use high rise condominium and retail development in the South Loop area of Chicago. The building stands 387 feet tall, with 35 storeys, located across from McCormick Place to the southeast and Michigan Avenue to the west. The site connects multiple neighbourhoods, commercial South Michigan Boulevard, South Loop residential, McCormick Place Convention Complex and the Burnham Park system east of Lake Michigan. 320 condominiums, 400 car parking and ground floor retail make up the building, with unit types from loft style to larger bedroom units with lake views.

The residential building blends with the neighbourhood, relating to the McCormick Place complex and adding vitality to existing pedestrian-heavy neighbourhoods. The building transitions between city and neighbourhood scale through a small loft building next to a tall tower with lake views. The parking structure along south Michigan Avenue is concealed, enhancing the pedestrian experience. The complex ‘floats’ above the retail, and creates a cohesive visual identification with the neighbourhood.

Between the loft and tower, a roof terrace creates open space for the residents and brings a park into the middle of the complex. Common rooms for socialising and fitness open onto the terrace. Lexington Park greets the visitor entering the city from the Stevenson Expressway to the south. It identifies a boundary from a distance and connects neighbourhoods creating a better urban experience for the city of Chicago.

http://www.worldarchitecturenews.com/index.php?fuseaction=wanappln.projectview&upload_id=18690

January 23, 2012

horizontal skyscraper- vanke center | steven holl


the building under construction
image courtesy of iwan baan

steven holl architects with partner li hu recently completed construction on their horizontal skyscraper –
vanke center located in shenzhen, china. situated over a tropical garden, the horizontal skyscraper
spans as long as the empire state building is long.

the building looks as if it were once floating on a higher sea which has now subsided.
the large structure floats under its 35-meter height limit propped up on eight legs. being suspended
on eight-cores, as far as 50 meters apart, the its structure is a combination of cable-stay bridge
technology merged with high-strength concrete frame – a first for a structure of its type,
with tension cables carrying a record load of 3280 tons.

the decision to develop one large hovering structure instead of several smaller floating ones,
was to create views over the lower developments of surrounding sites to the south china sea
and to generate the largest green space possibly, open to the public on the ground level.
the underside of the skyscraper becomes the main elevation from which sunken glass cubes or
‘shenzhen windows’ offer 360-degree views over a lush tropical landscape. the hybrid building
includes apartments, a hotel and offices for the headquarters for vanke real estate co. ltd.
a conference center, spa and parking lot are located under large green, tropical landscape,
characterized by mounds which contain restaurants and a 500-seat auditorium. there is also a
public path which covers the entire length of the building, connecting the hotel, apartment zones
to the office quarters together.

as a tropical strategy, the building and landscape integrate several new sustainable aspects including a
microclimate created by cooling ponds fed by a grey water system. a green roof with solar panels
has been incorporated into the design and uses local materials such as bamboo. a glass façade
protects against sun and wind via perforated lovers. the building is tsunami proof hovering piece
of architecture that creates a porous micro-climate of public open landscape. it is the first
LEED platinum rated building in southern china.


image courtesy of iwan baan


image courtesy of iwan baan


a microclimate is created through cooling ponds fed by grey water
image courtesy of steven holl architects


stairways up from the ground level into the skyscraper
image courtesy of steven holl architects


image courtesy of steven holl architects


image courtesy of steven holl architects


image courtesy of steven holl architects


image courtesy of steven holl architects


perforated aluminum louvers
image courtesy of steven holl architects


model
image courtesy of steven holl architects


model
image courtesy of steven holl architects


model
image courtesy of steven holl architects


model
image courtesy of steven holl architects


model
image courtesy of steven holl architects


model
image courtesy of steven holl architects


aerial view – model
image courtesy of steven holl architects


structural breakdown
image courtesy of steven holl architects


horizontal skyscraper is as long as the empire state building is high
image courtesy of steven holl architects


a diagram indicating the views from the ‘shenzhen windows’
image courtesy of steven holl architects


‘horizontal skyscraper – vanke center’ by steven holl architects, shenzhen, china
image © designboom

designboom recently visited the ‘horizontal skyscraper – vanke center’ by new york and beijing-based firm steven holl architects,
while in shenzhen, china. lifted and oriented to direct views towards the nearby mountains, ocean and lake, the structure hovers
above maturing gardens and groves of native bamboo trees. the undulating terrain is now blanketed with greenery, as it was conceived
in early renderings by the architect.

pathways crossing through textured patches of long grasses weave through the site under the branching extensions of the building
leading to the outdoor sunken amphitheater and a central subterranean lobby. steel staircases create opportunities for visitors
to enter the elevated interior of the offices, hotel and apartments.

see designboom’s original coverage of this project here.


uppward view of a branch of the building
image © designboom


the undulating landscape converges with the structure
image © designboom


stairway leading into the building’s interior
image © designboom


steel staircases lead into the building from ground level
image © designboom


pathway passing below structure
image © designboom


facade and louver detail
image © designboom


sunken amphitheater
image © designboom


louver detail at the end of facade
image © designboom


mounded earth meets the underside of the horizontal building and then drops off to reveal a suspended office space
image © designboom


pathway passes through vegetated gardens
image © designboom


pathway crosses under the branching structure
image © designboom


bamboo grove at base of pier
image © designboom


clusters of inclined columns support the structure in locations where the landscape is level
image © designboom


(left) view through the branching horizontal appendages
(right) building reflecting within pool
image © designboom

http://www.designboom.com/weblog/cat/9/view/8352/steven-holl-architects-horizontal-skyscraper-vanke-center.html

http://www.designboom.com/weblog/cat/9/view/18364/steven-holl-horizontal-skyscraper.html

January 22, 2012

Scotts Tower | UNStudio

In early December, Ben van Berkel unveiled his firm’s latest design for a 31-storey residential tower in .  The tower presents a new take on functional and flexible space, as the structure is conceived as a framework for a vertical city complete with landscaped gardens, sky terraces, roof gardens and recreational facilities.  ”An interesting facet of the Scotts Tower is the way that it reacts to the urban context of . Instead of the more usual means of planning a city horizontally, we have created neighborhoods in the sky; a vertical city where each zone has its own distinct identity,” explained van Berkel.

The tower is ordered by a “vertical frame” which organizes the programmatic necessities in a manner that responds to the urban context, and a “sky frame” that dictates the arrangement of gardens. Four residential zones are formed by the relationship between the two frames, and are clustered around different types of gardens which provide views of both the cityscape and natural landscape. The residences offer different identities, in terms of type, scale, distribution and articulation of outdoor space, along with the possibility for personalization of the interior layout.  The integration of balconies allows the tower to take advantage of the site’s unique juxtaposition between dense metropolis and unfolding natural landscape.

Starting at the ground level, the emphasis on adding greenery to the highrise becomes apparent, as the existing garden area to the west of the site is extended into The Scotts Tower and incorporates a multi-layered environment which links the different zones and recreational facilities available to the residents.

A new vertical green gateway is defined by the lower “sky lobby”, and even farther up the tower, a ”sky garden”, which offers panoramic views and the possibility for use as a social platform for outdoor events.  The continued, yet varied, use of green in the highrise creates a distinct atmosphere for its residents, and a new kind of expression for the city.

http://www.archdaily.com/196987/scotts-tower-unstudio/

January 16, 2012

Al Hamra Firdous Tower | SOM

Named One of the Best Inventions of 2011 by Time Magazine, Skidmore, Owings & Merrill’s (SOM) Al Hamra Firdous Tower will be the tallest building in Kuwait. The iconic structure appears to fold into itself, creating an efficient form designed to maximize views and minimize solar heat gain. The commercial complex will be complete early this year and is comprised of offices, a health club and a high-end shopping mall with theaters and a food court. Continue reading for the architect’s project description.

Architect: Skidmore, Owings & Merrill
Client / Developer: Al Hamra Real Estate and Entertainment Co., Mr. Abdulaziz Alhumaidhi
Location: , Kuwait
Site Area: 10,000 m2
Size: 195,000 m2
Height: 412 m (74 stories)
Completion Year: 2011

Text provided by SOM. 

Rising 412 meters in the center of Kuwait City, Al Hamra Firdous Tower is a landmark tower of iconic sculptural form that offers breathtaking views of the Arabian Gulf. The purity of its form, expressed by a simple operation of removal, will be a timeless, elegant marker in the heart of Kuwait.

With the aim of maximizing views and minimizing solar heat gain on the office floors, a quarter of each floor plate is chiseled out of the south side, shifting from west to east over the height of the tower. The result reveals a rich, monolithic stone at the south wall framed by the graceful, twisting ribbons of torqued walls, defining the iconic form of the tower.

The building’s appearance resembles a subtle, elegant modern sculpture or an enshrouded figure with its delicate glass veil reflecting the profile of the peninsula. The resultant form will provide transparency on the north, east and west sides towards the Gulf and near-complete opacity side against the severe desert sun to the south.

The solid south wall is generated in order to decrease the solar radiation. Openings are based on the relationship of the envelope and its position in relation to the sun. The geometry of the interior wall is generated and responds to the need to minimize solar heat gain. This wall not only protects the building from critical environmental conditions, but also takes on the role of the structural spine of the building. The point at the apex of the tower not only resolves this complex geometry of the carved flared walls but also implies the continuation of the sculptural form infinitely upwards. On each floor of the tower a skybridge connects the two wings and presents a dramatic spatial experience with deep sculpted windows in the south wall providing dramatic views south towards the city, the peninsula and the infinite desert beyond.

The tower will welcome tenants with a soaring 20-meter tall lobby featuring a high articulated lamella structure which supports the tower above and articulates the space below. The geometry of the lobby area is generated by applying the principles of lamella structures. The structure provides continuity from the building to its footing and acts as a strengthening component while being completely integrated with the structure.

Architect: Skidmore, Owings & Merrill LLP
Design Partner: Gary Haney, AIA
Managing Partner: Peter Magill, AIA
Technical Partner: Carl Galioto, FAIA
Project Manager: Donald R. Williams, AIA
Senior Designer: Aybars Asci, AIA
Senior Technical Coordinator: Mark Igou, AIA
Designer: Dean MacKenzie
Technical Coordinators: Samuel Ness, Eric Van Epps, James Mallory, Noppon Pisutharnon, Yasemin Kologlu, Souraya Daouk, Tobias Schwinn

Associate Architect: Al-Jazera Consultants

Structural Engineer: Skidmore Owings & Merrill LLP
Structural Partner: Mark Sarkisian, Neville Mathais
Senior Structural Engineer: Aarom Mazeika

MEP Engineer: Skidmore, Owings & Merrill LLP
Director, MEP Engineering: Roger Frechette, PE, LEED AP
Senior Mechanical Engineer: Philip Sawyer
Senior Electrical Engineer: Ermenegildo Di Iorio
Mechanical Engineer: Michael Scotter

Project Manager: Turner Construction Co., International
General Contractor: Ahmadiah Contracting & Trading Co.
Telecom, Acoustics, Security, IT: Shen Milsom & Wilke
Vertical Transportation: Van Deusen & Associates
Facade Maintenance: Entek Engineering
Fire Protection: Arup
Geotechnical: Consultancy Group Company
Landscape: Francis Landscapes
Lighting: OVI (Office for Visual Interaction)
Traffic: Parsons Brinkerhoff

http://www.archdaily.com/196714/al-hamra-firdous-tower-som/