Archive for February, 2012

February 20, 2012

City of London Information Centre | Make Architects

Architects: Make Architects
Location: , UK
Client: City of London
Collaborators: Arup, Davis Langdon
Project Area: 135 sqm
Project Year: 2007
Photographs: Zander OlsenMake Architects 

Situated opposite the South Transept of St Paul’s Cathedral, the City of London Information Centre introduces a dynamic contemporary structure to an area of exceptional architectural and urban heritage.

In form, the building combines simplicity and efficiency of structure with a distinctive visual impact. The triangular plan has evolved from analysis of principal pedestrian flows across the site, while the orientation and profile establish an intriguing dialogue with St Paul’s as the building looks up to its prestigious neighbour and opens out to welcome people approaching it. A folded metallic envelope evokes the aerodynamic profile of a paper aeroplane, seamlessly wrapping 140m2 of internal accommodation and formed by a steel frame braced with structural ply and clad in 220 pre-finished stainless steel panels.

The building meets exacting environmental standards and has been engineered to exceed current Part L targets for C02 emissions by 20 per cent. The structure’s envelope is highly insulated, the interior environment is regulated using borehole cooling and the sloping roof facilitates the collection of rainwater which is used to flush toilets and irrigate planting nearby.

http://www.archdaily.com/200389/city-of-london-information-centre-make-architects/

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February 19, 2012

Holiday House on the Rigi | AFGH

http://www.archdaily.com/1461/holiday-house-on-the-rigi-afgh/

February 12, 2012

Sarphatistraat Offices | Steven Holl Architects

Architects: Steven Holl Architects
Location: Amsterdam, 
Local architect: Rappange & Partners
Project year: 1996 – 2000
Photographs: Paul Warchol

In Amsterdam, on the Singel Canal, this renovated building is the former federal warehouse of medical supplies. The main structure is a four-storybrick “U” merging internally with a new “sponge” pavilion ont he canal. While the exterior expression is one of complementary contrast (existing brick adjacent to new perforated copper), the interior strategy is one fusion.

The porous architecture of the rectangular pavilion is inscribed with a concept from the music of Morton Feldman’s “Patterns in a Chromatic Field”. The ambition to achieve a space of gossameroptic phenomena with chance-located reflected color is especially effective at night when the color patches paint and reflect in the canal.

The layers of perforated materials, from copper on the exterior toply wood on the interior, contain all services such as lighting, supply, and return air grilles. The perforated screens developed in three dimensions are analogous to the Menger sponge principle of openings continuously cut in planes approaching zero volume.

“Chromatic Space” is formed by light bounced between the building’slayers. At night, light trapped between screens sometimes appears as thick floating blocks of color. At other times the passing sun creates a throbbing color wash or moving moiré patterns.
The complex is entered through the original 20th-century brick courtyard. Passing through the interior reveals gradually more porous spaces until reaching the Menger sponge pavilion overlooking the canal. While the major portion of 50,000 square-foot project is workspace for the social housing company’s employees, the large sponge space is open to receive all uses from public gatherings to performance events. Given back to the community, the immediate canal edge has a new boardwalk.

http://www.archdaily.com/201033/flashback-sarphatistraat-offices-steven-holl-architects/

February 12, 2012

Infographic: Steel & Architecture

The evolution and impact of steel in Architecture.

http://www.archdaily.com/200801/infographic-steel-architecture/

February 12, 2012

Tea Houses__Swatt | Miers Architects

Architect: Swatt Miers Architects
Location: Silicon Valley, 
Project Team: Robert Swatt FAIA, Steven Stept AIA, Ivan Olds, Connie Wong (interiors), Jeanie Fan, Hiromi Ogawa
Structural Engineering: Yu Strandberg Engineering
Contractor: Neto Construction
Project Year: 2009
Photographs: Tim Griffith

The idea for the tea houses originated years ago, when the owner and his young daughter explored the remote hills surrounding their Silicon Valley home, discovering an idyllic setting below a ridge, under a grove of large California Live Oak trees. At first, the family thought the setting would be perfect for a tree house. Years later, after the 6000 square foot main house was extensively remodeled, the vision was realized as three individual tea houses, places where one could simply retreat into nature.

Each tea house is designed as a transparent steel and glass pavilion, hovering like a lantern over the natural landscape. Cast-in-place concrete core elements anchor the pavilions, supporting steel channel rim joists, which cantilever beyond the cores to support the floor and roof planes. With its minimal footprint, the design treads lightly on the land, minimizing grading and preserving the delicate root systems of the native oaks.

The three tea houses vary in size, each with its own unique purpose. The 270 square foot ‘meditation’ tea house, nestled under the canopy of the largest oak tree, is a place for individual contemplation. The slightly larger ‘sleeping’ tea house, approximately 372 square feet, is a place designed for overnight stays. This structure is joined by a sky-lit bathroom core, which bridges to the largest tea house. At 492 square feet, the ‘visioning’ tea house is for intimate gatherings and creative thinking. The notion of ‘quiet simplicity’ is a consistent theme throughout – there are no phones, televisions or audio systems within these structures.

The design emphasizes sustainability. Steel framed doors and awning windows provide access and high – low ventilation, while custom-modified aluminum framed sliding doors, with custom steel interlockers and fixed glass panels, mitered at the corners, dissolve the barrier between inside and outside. Natural cooling is enhanced by shading from strategically placed landscaping, including evergreen redwood trees and bamboo, and deciduous maple and gingko trees. Heating is provided by a radiant hydronic system below the flooring. Electricity is produced on-site by a photovoltaic array mounted on the roof of the main house.

The interiors are executed with a simple palette of contrasting materials – crisply detailed steel and glass, and more ‘organic’ unfinished concrete, board formed and wire brushed to expose the wood grain, and cedar boards, recycled from the remodeling of the main house.

As the sunlight and shadows move across the hillside the tea houses take on different forms – at sunrise, the structures disappear into the long shadows; the soft silhouette of the midday sun casts dramatic reflections off the glass; and by evening, the structures glow like lanterns in a garden. Viewed from afar or viewed from within, the tea houses appear at one with their sites, inextricably connected to the native California landscape.

http://www.archdaily.com/201014/tea-houses-swatt-miers-architects/

February 11, 2012

55 Baker Street | Make Architect

Architects: Make Architects 
Location: , England
Client: London and Regional Properties Ltd
Collaborators: Arup, Blyth & Blyth, DP9, Expedition Engineering, Hann Tucker, HBG, Indigo Lighting, Jason Bruges Studio, Safe Consulting Ltd, Tweeds Construction Consultancy
Project Area: 75,000 sqm
Project Year: 2008
Photographs: Zander OlsenMake ArchitectsThis radical renovation of a 1950s office building transforms the site into an important new urban amenity. While providing an exceptional range of flexible and highly efficient office spaces, the scheme enhances activity at street level by offering an enriched mix of uses and introducing a substantial new public space to the streetscape.

Three glass infills or ‘masks’ span the voids between existing blocks to create a new facade for the building, with the central glazed section enclosing a seven-storey atrium which is open to the public. The ground floor of the building has been entirely re-clad and devoted to retail units, cafes and restaurants. At the rear of the building, a new development of 23 houses offers affordable, key worker and private accommodation.

In addition to the cost savings represented by retaining and refurbishing the existing building, the scheme has been designed to minimise environmental impact and optimise energy efficiency and has achieved a BREEAM rating of ‘Excellent’.

http://www.archdaily.com/200378/55-baker-street-make-architects/

 

February 6, 2012

ONE WTC ONE WTC STEEL INSTALLATION MOVES CLOSER TO COMPLETION |HAS REACHED THE 90th FLOOR

Steel installation for One World Trade Center has reached the 90th floor, with 14 more floors to go before it reaches the top of the tower.

Steel installation for One World Trade Center has reached the 90th floor, with 14 more floors to go before it reaches the top of the tower.

One World Trade Center continues to rise above the 9/11 Memorial Plaza and 4 World Trade Center.  The tower is being erected at a rate of one floor per week.

One World Trade Center continues to rise above the 9/11 Memorial Plaza and 4 World Trade Center. The tower is being erected at a rate of one floor per week.

An ironworker works on a steel beam on the top deck of One World Trade Center, with the Hudson River in the background.

An ironworker works on a steel beam on the top deck of One World Trade Center, with the Hudson River in the background.

Ironworkers install perimeter columns on the northeast side of One World Trade Center, with the East River in the background.

Ironworkers install perimeter columns on the northeast side of One World Trade Center, with the East River in the background.

A perimeter column is installed on the top deck of One World Trade Center.

A perimeter column is installed on the top deck of One World Trade Center.

The Statue of Liberty is clearly visible to ironworkers fastening steel bolts on the top deck of One World Trade Center.

The Statue of Liberty is clearly visible to ironworkers fastening steel bolts on the top deck of One World Trade Center.

http://www.panynj.gov/wtcprogress/index.html

February 6, 2012

Office building ZAC Seguin – Boulogne Billancourt | ECDM Architects

program: development of the BIA building in Seguin oriented tertiary
client: Nexity
location: Keystone Area, ZAC Seguin – Boulogne Billancourt (92)
area: 60,000 sq.m.
Cost: M €
Contest: 2011

The Grand Landscape

The emerging realization of a point, a building that extends above the canopy Boulonnais is an opportunity to rethink the relationship of the new neighborhood of Keystone with the Grand Landscape. This punctuation highlights the metropolitan character of the site by generating a tracking device distance. Its status, its dimension and the values ​​it carries, the Trapezium is a singular territory constituting the Greater Paris. The site is emblematic of the changes that have transformed our industrial cities, these paradigm shifts that have enabled the implementation of a highly complex environment taking into account the needs of a postmodern society now. Therefore, the vertical to be introduced should allow to give clear expression of a territory where the organization defines a living thought of as a delicate balance between mineral and plant, between full and empty nesting complexity of a dense area and attractive. Our proposals were designed as single elements of an urban mixed, composite, where the residential, commercial and green spaces are one unit. The wide open spaces of the Seine Valley as detailed outlook released on the Keystone-through an extensive park, paths, a rack fragmented islands organized around delivering open a horizontal reading of the register and tense urban . There is in our projects a horizontal component which is fit assertive, delineate the boundaries of the park and accompany the banks of the Seine and emergences, punctuation considered in resonance with other highlights of the loop of the river such as the tower horizons or verticals coming of Seguin Island.

Valley of the Seine is in crossing the Grand Paris, punctuated by towers. One thinks of Defense, the Front de Seine, the Eiffel Tower, the neighborhood of the Gare de Lyon, and many other architectural interventions scattered on the linear river, river geography and landscape favoring emergences. In the landscape of Boulogne near the river, it seemed essential that the collusion between the settling elements beyond the general template of the neighborhood. Both projects are designed in conjunction with a skyline own site. The context here is both the district and the Grand Landscape. We thought our projects as entities in resonance with existing emergences: Horizons Tower, head of the Pont de Sevres, emergences coming as those provided on the Ile Seguin. These three entities form a triangle, the project has taken an angle, one end.Therefore, it is proposing a center of gravity and a volumetric principle of gradation that establish a link with the template of buildings erected along the quay and a complicity with the prow of the Ile Seguin.

Based on this fact, we moved the center of gravity of our projects to the northwest of the plot to establish a link with the buildings along the quay, but especially not to generate an effective leader that falls directly competes with that of Seguin Island. Indeed, the prow of the Ile Seguin legitimacy geographical leaving no room for what would be a de facto substitute. The shape of the plot, this triangle does not constitute a rounded bow itself, any analogy to skippers would be fortuitous. Besides a trapezoid does not bow. Therefore our projects have been designed to allow the framing of views and perspectives, implementing, at the junction of the park and pier, a watershed landscape. Program requirements have led us to design two projects of different nature, structured by two distinct approaches to ensure the safety of persons and property. Refuting any formal a priori, we chose to develop two projects, two concepts structured by two regulatory options to organize the height.

Origami

The specific demand for building height as an accumulation of reference planes under the accessibility of ways to fight against the fire has led us to ask ourselves how the various project components can be superimposed to generate a deployment planning. Rejecting any idea of ​​making some infra-structural elements, any road or rail, any exogenous element in the very nature of a commercial building, we offer a project conceived as the deployment of a territory in a logical landscape. Like a modern-day Babylon, it is built on the building, living roofs, give them a use value. This is a project tectonics, origami where the territory is pleated in successive plans. The base is considered as a topographic event, an inclined stratum, a garden made in successive plans. Extrusion perfect plot, perfectly defines the base in the island keeps strictly within the alignments and templates islands that line the shore. At the end of the tip, the volume rises to pinch a privileged view of the park. On this base is placed a cube levitating at the base truncated by the topography of the base. The volumes are articulated by hyphens, landscaped by strata – the interfaces between plant and mineral. This cube is perforated in the center by a large patio across the entire project of 89 m high.This device provides a reading against the light volume and highlights the lightness of the volume. The whole is surmounted by a greenhouse, large vertical garden that comes complete in a phasing, the verticality. The slenderness ratio that characterizes the towers is not appropriate here, the height limited to 89 m leads us to emphasize other qualities of the height.

Turn induces an authoritarian values ​​and guns: density, compactness, rationality. Without denying these obvious qualities and capabilities to meet specific expectations of the program, our project and reinterprets them in complex architectural oxymorons. It’s about being compact and light, dense, slender, streamlined and composite. Our project is built with the desire to escape the formal fatalities related to verticality to develop this expanded notion of landscape, when we can see and be seen far away. Therefore the facade had to be both limits, alignment, constitutive of urbanity, and also landscaped element, vertical landscape made of solids and voids, foregrounds and depth of field similar to a filter, a sheer, architecture and move towards a more tenuous the possible when it comes to staging a lifestyle rather than a building. The specificity of the request allows us to offer you a highly specific project, atypical, to rethink the height as a formal point of view that in the uses and values ​​that this proposal allows.

A vertical open

It is therefore a vertical open for an accessible building designed on the principle of an organization that induces a connection with the innovative environment. The building pops out of the soil gradually, mindful of its roots, what is the basis of its innervation. It rises gently as an invitation to travel by a circuitous route. The terraces spin, the full and empty intermingle. As it rises, the construction becomes lighter, more transparent, wide terraces generate porosities between inside and outside. At the top of the last 20 meters, the mineral disappears almost completely in favor of a large garden suspended vertically extended. Without imitation it offers strong connivance with the tower Horizons, a marker of the other end of the Trapezium. We propose a building consisting of three parts: a base, and one was a hanging garden, a three-step gradation of the mineral to the lightness and abstraction.

http://ecdm.eu/?p=3993

February 6, 2012

IGH office building lot D5 ZAC Seguin – Boulogne Billancourt | ECDM

program: development of the BIA building in Seguin oriented tertiary
client: Nexity
location: Keystone Area, ZAC Seguin – Boulogne Billancourt (92)
area: 60,000 sq.m.
Cost: M €
Contest: 2011

The Grand Landscape

The emerging realization of a point, a building that extends above the canopy Boulonnais is an opportunity to rethink the relationship of the new neighborhood of Keystone with the Grand Landscape. This punctuation highlights the metropolitan character of the site by generating a tracking device distance. Its status, its dimension and the values ​​it carries, the Trapezium is a singular territory constituting the Greater Paris. The site is emblematic of the changes that have transformed our industrial cities, these paradigm shifts that have enabled the implementation of a highly complex environment taking into account the needs of a postmodern society now. Therefore, the vertical to be introduced should allow to give clear expression of a territory where the organization defines a living thought of as a delicate balance between mineral and plant, between full and empty nesting complexity of a dense area and attractive. Our proposals were designed as single elements of an urban mixed, composite, where the residential, commercial and green spaces are one unit. The wide open spaces of the Seine Valley as detailed outlook released on the Keystone-through an extensive park, paths, a rack fragmented islands organized around delivering open a horizontal reading of the register and tense urban . There is in our projects a horizontal component which is fit assertive, delineate the boundaries of the park and accompany the banks of the Seine and emergences, punctuation considered in resonance with other highlights of the loop of the river such as the tower horizons or verticals coming of Seguin Island.

Valley of the Seine is in crossing the Grand Paris, punctuated by towers. One thinks of Defense, the Front de Seine, the Eiffel Tower, the neighborhood of the Gare de Lyon, and many other architectural interventions scattered on the linear river, river geography and landscape favoring emergences. In the landscape of Boulogne near the river, it seemed essential that the collusion between the settling elements beyond the general template of the neighborhood. Both projects are designed in conjunction with a skyline own site. The context here is both the district and the Grand Landscape. We thought our projects as entities in resonance with existing emergences: Horizons Tower, head of the Pont de Sevres, emergences coming as those provided on the Ile Seguin. These three entities form a triangle, the project has taken an angle, one end.Therefore, it is proposing a center of gravity and a volumetric principle of gradation that establish a link with the template of buildings erected along the quay and a complicity with the prow of the Ile Seguin.

Based on this fact, we moved the center of gravity of our projects to the northwest of the plot to establish a link with the buildings along the quay, but especially not to generate an effective leader that falls directly competes with that of Seguin Island. Indeed, the prow of the Ile Seguin legitimacy geographical leaving no room for what would be a de facto substitute. The shape of the plot, this triangle does not constitute a rounded bow itself, any analogy to skippers would be fortuitous. Besides a trapezoid does not bow. Therefore our projects have been designed to allow the framing of views and perspectives, implementing, at the junction of the park and pier, a watershed landscape. Program requirements have led us to design two projects of different nature, structured by two distinct approaches to ensure the safety of persons and property. Refuting any formal a priori, we chose to develop two projects, two concepts structured by two regulatory options to organize the height.

Periscopes

Here more than elsewhere the vertical, the height has to do with the geography of this unique site, wedged in a meander of the Seine River and bordered by a unique topography. The slopes of Meudon dominate in a wide curve a territory plan extending to the capital. As soon as we take a little height, that the eye exceeds the average height of constructions is a wide field of vision that opens 360 degrees, with the hills of Meudon as a backdrop to the west and the Parisian panorama to the east. This perception is reinforced by the autonomy given to the plot. If there is a special relationship to the river, to the matrix, the privileged views are deployed on 360 °. Rise a few tens of meters and a unique relationship is established between the building and the area of ​​Greater Paris. This is not to trivialize this relationship in a formal indifference. The tower and sees the tower is seen. This trade is anything but impersonal, anonymous or neutral. The nature of this gaze must be characterized to exchange further. The eyes meet between symbolic points that we identified and your building.

The building like a periscope will look, will frame exceptional views of the Grand Landscape. This is to give these acute emergencies, not to trivialize a formal neutrality in relation to the landscape. Like a painter or photographer, we have framed vistas. With a simple gesture towers installed reciprocity with the focus point: La Defense, Arc de Triomphe, the Eiffel Tower, the Manufacture de Sèvres, the bed of the Seine. It’s about seeing and being seen in an otherness. We implement a strong sense of belonging to a wider territory, a territory rich in history and this prestigious. The hybrid programming of your program with the singular request for two types of commercial buildings has led us to intimately mix verticality and horizontality. The project brings together a tower and two elongated emergences in a unique writing. The building is unitary. It spreads horizontally and vertically in successive folding, delimiting its folds framing the landscape. This whole system comes to float above a floor at the height generating split wide vistas between the docks and park. So there is a strong horizontal component which holds the island, organizes the boundaries of the parcel, urban organization supports implementation of the Trapezium by extending alignments and templates and deployment height which overlooks the Grand Landscape. The base, what the ground that we propose is to anchor the project in descent from the surrounding urban structure. A tower is above all an above ground for a project connected with an urban reality that participates in the organization of a neighborhood. The compactness of the base allows us to identify large outdoor spaces free. This is to generate surfaces planted host that offers a gradation between the public and the building. A number of programs open on these outdoor areas with the desire to find supplements for the outdoor cafeteria, the lobbies, or home.

The first two levels are included as a single volume, physically and under the fire regulations. So this is a very open volume largely transparent linking the dock and park. In these two levels are focusing all local collective organized around a double height. Commercial spaces are designed to be compact, rational, flexible and scalable. On this level, we offer large trays of approximately 5,000 m², which allows us to have 25 700 m² of meeting the requirements of the Labour Code regarding fire regulations. The upper trays are part of the regulation applicable to tall buildings. The project is designed to streamline the most kernels. Their compact size and central location to distribute surfaces extremely versatile in terms of livability. A large majority of trays has extensions in the form of terraces or balconies. It is proposed hanging gardens, the exterior surfaces protected from the wind as supplements work surfaces. In research on opening a beautiful environment, we felt it important to suggest areas less formal, less “tertiarisées” contributing to the definition of identity to the building through the implementation of a framework lives.

http://ecdm.eu/?p=3952

February 6, 2012

Art Pavillion |c

Concept

The concept of the pavilion is to experiment with a developmental pattern in the evolution of an organism, to let spontaneous forces go without mediation. This results into an organic structure that wraps itself with a protective membrane. The skin (i.e. membrane) reveals life from the skeleton.

The pavilion is now one creature dipped in the real bio mass. The inside glow (i.e. internal lighting) reveals a pulsating organism into the night. The permanent incompletion is the evolutionary change that rejects the idea of a prediction about its form of growth

Technical – wood frame & reactive skin

The structure of the pavilion is a plywood frame assembled into ribs-like elements. The base structure of the pavilion is a 200mm x 400mm perpendicular grid. Ribs depth & thickness are integral and adjustable parameters of the model and adjust according to constrains (evolutionary change).

Each rib is a flat panel on a vertical plane (world z axis). All elements are planar & parallel on each x or y axis. Therefore all ribs intersect perpendicularly. Each element is given a unique id. The structure can be sent straight to digital production and cnc technology with all connections also cnc routed. Once all the pieces are cut, units can be preassembled in factory.

The reactive skin is a high-tech teflon membrane protecting the structure designed to react to changing light conditions. Its primary element is a honeycomb cell that optimises wrapping capabilities and semi-rigidity. It is flexible, wraps like a cloth, and can be folded.”

http://www.archdaily.com/21947/art-pavillion-cre8-architecture/